The United Nations Security Council was established in 1945 as one of the original six bodies of the UN. The Security Council is a unique entity because the resolutions it passes do not serve only as recommendations: all member states are obligated by the United Nations Charter to implement the Security Council’s decisions. The Security Council consists of fifteen member states; five permanent members and ten members with two year terms. One of the Security Council’s primary goals is “to maintain international peace and security”. When a threat to security occurs, the Security Council first attempts to resolve the dispute using peaceful means, then proceeds to deploy peacekeeping forces or encourage a ceasefire, and at last resort employ sanctions, blockades, or collective military action.
The Security Council for this year’s KnightMUN will be run in a hypercompetitive collegiate context. It is strongly recommended that high schools appoint experienced high school delegates who have intentions to continue Model UN in college. Delegates will be expected to follow the rules and guidelines of collegiate Model UN, outlined in the background guide and be prepared for intensive debate over the course of the weekend. The topic for the session will take place in the year 2022, and focus on the escalating conflict between India and Pakistan.